Barbados Geography

Want to know all about the geography of Barbados? Well, look no further because Totally Barbados has all you need to know, right here.

Barbados is the most easterly island in the Caribbean island chain, otherwise known as the Lesser Antilles.

Local tourism officials boast (somewhat tongue-in-cheek) that the sun rises first on the blessed island of Barbados, also affectionately known as the ‘jewel of the Caribbean.’

In our Totally Barbados geographic profile, you’ll learn all about the island’s composition, topography, and unique geographical location, as well as some interesting and quirky facts.

LocationThe island of Barbados is situated above South America, northeast of Venezuela and north of Guyana.

The Atlantic Ocean sits to the east of Barbados, and calmer Caribbean Sea to the west.

CoordinatesLatitude 13 10′ N of the equator, longitude 59 32′ W of the Prime Meridian
NeighborsSt. Lucia (northwest of Barbados), St. Vincent and the Grenadines(west of Barbados), Trinidad and Tobago (southwest of Barbados), Guyana (southeast).
Land Area431 square kilometers (or 166 square miles)
23 km (14 miles) at widest point
34 km (21 miles) long
TopographyThe terrain of Barbados is relatively flat in comparison to the other Caribbean islands; however, there is a gentle rise towards a central highland region of the island.

The highest point on the island is Mount Hillaby, which measures approximately 1 115 feet above sea level and is located in the Scotland District in the parish of St. Andrew.

Note: The lowest point on the island is the Atlantic Ocean.

Apart from some large sugarcane estates and pastures, there are a few marshes, mangrove swamps, and wetlands in some regions of the island.

There are also areas of lush countryside in particular parishes of Barbados, where you’ll also find temperatures dropping and a cool breeze blowing through.

The island has its own interesting and quirky geographical characteristics and features that make them all individually unique – you’ll find there’s flatlands, uplands, terraces, and rugged cliffs, caves, tropical rainforests, as well as valleys.

Unlike some of the neighboring Caribbean islands, Barbados is non-volcanic and is primarily composed of coral limestone (over 80%), meaning the drinking water in Barbados is of very high quality.

Territorial WatersTerritorial sea – 12 nautical miles
Exclusive economic zone – 200 nautical miles
Water Area69 569 square kilometers

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Because Barbados is nestled just north of the equator, the climate is considered to be moderately tropical.

Temperatures tend to range from between 80-86 degrees Fahrenheit (27-30 degrees Celsius) and 70 – 76% humidity for most of the year through.

December to May is considered the dry season in Barbados and is also considered the ‘winter’ period.

The wet season begins in June and runs until November, also considered the ‘summer’ months for the island. This season also brings with it the Caribbean hurricane season, although Barbados is, fortunately, more often than not spared the direct hit of any major storm or weather system.

For more information on the climate of Barbados, please visit our Weather and Hurricanes, Tropical Storms and Depressions pages.

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